What is CBD (cannabidiol)?
Hemp and marijuana are two types of plants within the Cannabis genus which contain over a hundred different phytocannibinoids (chemical compounds such as THC and CBD) with potential health benefits.
Marijuana strains are bred for a high tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content, which has psychotropic effects on the brain, and also contain CBD. Hemp strains are bred for a high cannabidiol (CBD) content, which has a pain-relieving effect on the body, and contain less than 0.3% THC.
Both THC and CBD can help with a huge array of conditions such as chronic pain, nausea, anxiety, inflammation, arthritis, headaches, fibromyalgia, depression, seizures, and autoimmune disease.
There are many pharmaceutical drugs in Europe containing both THC and CBD. The United States FDA recently approved the first federally legal pharmaceutical product containing CBD derived from marijuana to treat seizures in our country. There will likely be more to follow.
Not all cannabis products contain the same amount of cannibinoids. It depends on a variety of factors such as whether it is derived from the marijuana or hemp plant, if the oil is from the seeds, buds/flowers, or leafs/stalks, the extraction or distillation method used, the concentration of the product mixture and the ultimate method of product consumption.
How does CBD work?
According to the National Institutes of Health, both CBD and THC bind to receptors in the cells of your nervous system that control pain and inflammation, specifically the CB1 receptors, found on neurons and glial cells in various parts of the brain, and the CB2 receptors, found mainly in the body’s immune system.
THC directly binds to both CB1 and CB2 receptors and so directly influences pain experience. CBD binds to a TRPV1 receptor which is related to pain transmission and has a positive influence on the CB1 and CB2 receptors. So it indirectly mitigates pain and does not have the same psychotropic effect on the brain as THC.
CBD has also been shown in animal studies to speed the healing of injured connective tissue, and to have numerous anti-anxiety mechanisms, which can indirectly influence pain experience.
Results vary based on your weight, body chemistry and severity of pain so there is not one correct dosage amount. The current recommended starting dose ranges for CBD is between 5 and 40 milligrams. It is best to start with a low dose and gauge how your body responds, then gradually increase as needed.
Is this legal?
Yes. As of December 2018, the signed federal farm bill makes the purchase and use of hemp-derived CBD products (containing less than 0.3% THC) legal in all fifty states.
If you have a medical marijuana certification from the State of Maine, as a result of a medical doctor prescription, you can legally purchase marijuana products containing THC and CBD at a registered dispensary.
How do we use it at Sage Wellness?
We use full-spectrum hemp-derived CBD tincture (made from CO2 extraction of flower and leaf material) mixed with coconut and jojoba oil for our full body massage. It was crafted by Wild Folk Farm in Benton, Maine and grown under MOFGA organic standards. Depending on your body size and skin dryness, you will receive 10 to 30 milligrams of CBD through your skin. If you are concerned about the scent of cannabis on your skin, you may choose to have lavender essential oil added as well.
Hemp-derived CBD salve is also available in our retail area for self-care of painful areas. This has the same CO2 distillate mixed with organic coconut oil, organic grapeseed oil and organic beeswax at a concentration of 200 mg of CBD per ounce. So using 1/8 of the one ounce container would give you an average starting daily dose of 25 mg.
What to expect?
Topical CBD products produce a relaxation effect and pain reduction. It may also make you drowsy but will not have a euphoric or psychotropic effect on your brain. The products we use should take effect within 30 minutes of application and last for several hours.
Since there are only trace amounts of THC in the tincture we use, it is highly unlikely you would test positive on a drug screen.
Your method of consumption has an impact on how CBD affects you. Topical CBD application has the slowest and most diluted effect compared to other methods (ingestion or inhalation.) Please talk with your doctor if you are interested in using CBD products on a regular basis as it is possible that it could slow the metabolizing of your other medications.
For more information, especially regarding dosing, please read the Project CBD Beginner's Guide.